what is sprinkler?
What is sprinkler?
Sprinkler is a device that distributes water in the form of very small and uniform drops like rain and provides the water needed for plants. Powder droplets are created by the passage of high-pressure water flow through the very small pores of nozzles or sprays.
Today, different types of sprinklers are produced and marketed, which are used to irrigate different plants and in different contexts.
Types of sprinkler
Sprinklers are divided into two main categories based on the type of use:
1- Impact sprinkler
2- Hidden sprinkler
What is rain sprinkler or impact sprinkler?
Impact sprinkler is one of the most sensitive parts of the irrigation system, which is responsible for the uniform distribution of water on the farm so that no water is spread or wasted on the farm land. Impact waters are also known as agricultural sprinklers.
Impact sprinkler applications
1- One of the main methods of irrigation in agriculture and horticulture
2- Distribution of water-soluble chemical fertilizers
3- Prevent the freezing of trees and plants, especially in the first spring
4- To help the seed germination of plants planted in the ground to a shallow depth
Disadvantages of irrigation with rain sprinkler
High initial cost and energy cost to create water pressure in pipes compared to surface irrigation for sprinkler irrigation requires the presence of water of appropriate quality.
If the land is not square or rectangular, irrigation will be difficult.
In windy areas, water losses are very high and irrigation uniformity is much lower.
In sprinkler irrigation, the risk of fungal diseases increases due to the high humidity.
Advantages of irrigation with rain sprinkler
1- More efficiency and higher water efficiency
2- Optimal use of cultivated area
3- Product increase
4- Reducing the density of plant pests and field weeds
5- Easy distribution of chemical fertilizers and pesticides on the farm
6- Easy irrigation in lands with steep and low slopes and heights that were built and designed for different conditions.
Impact sprinklers can be classified according to the following: 1- Spray mechanism 2- Number of nozzles 3- Water pressure at the tip of the nozzle.
Impact sprinklers are divided into two categories according to the mechanism: rotary sprinklers and stabilizers.
The expansion of sports fields and green spaces has increased the use of sprinklers. One of the most suitable and modern sprinklers for grassy environments, which plays a direct role in maintaining its beauty, is the hidden sprinkler.
Hidden sprinkler applications
The main uses of concealed sprinklers include irrigation of crops, lawns, landscapes, golf courses and other areas. They also use hidden sprinklers to keep the environment cool and dust control.
Advantages of hidden sprinklers
1- Water spraying is done completely evenly.
2- Hiding the sprinkler after water spraying operation, which has caused the device to be safe from any impact and damage, also this issue causes the sprinkler to be safe from the eyes of thieves.
3- Adjusting the bending radius and the ability to change the water bending arch causes you to easily change the amount of spraying and the bending radius by using a special sprinkler wrench.
4- Due to the proper coverage of the sprinkler, all areas have been irrigated completely and uniformly, which increases the quality of the grass.