Today, with the development of construction as well as the emergence of tall buildings, the need for building lifts to carry building materials is more than ever.
Construction lifts increase the speed of construction of the structure because by transporting materials to higher floors, it greatly increases the speed of workers' performance and also reduces the fatigue of transporting materials.
Today, in every structure and building under construction, there is a construction lift, so in this article from Nika Corp website, we will deal with construction lifts and prevent accidents caused by construction lifts, so to obtain the necessary and sufficient information. Stay with us until the end of this article.
Types of construction lifts
A construction lift is a device used to move and move loads and materials.There are different types of lifts, which are mentioned below:
Single-phase construction lift
Three-phase construction lift
It should be noted that the simplest lifts are construction lifts, which are used to raise and lower materials for construction.In this type of lifts, the material transport bucket is connected to a wire and with the start of the electric motor, the movement between the floors can be done.
Prevention of construction lift accidents:
As you know, construction lifts are one of the most widely used construction machinery, and you can see at least one of them on the roof of most buildings under construction or reconstruction.
This type of lifts, which are used to transport construction materials, are available in 250, 500, 750 and 1000 kg types.
The 250 kg construction lift, also known as the 350 kg construction lift, is the most widely used type of construction lift. Is known. Certainly, sometimes due to various factors, construction lifts can cause accidents and cause problems.
In order to prevent these accidents, it is necessary to observe very important points when installing and using lifts.
Are construction lifts accidental?
Construction lifts are safe and secure equipment for carrying loads in buildings if the quality in construction and observance of details in the design mentioned in the article guide to buying construction lifts, but not paying attention to safety points during use such as lift capacity.
The allowable height and the items that we mention in the continuation of this article can make this equipment one of the most dangerous construction equipment. Unfortunately, every year, a number of construction workers lose their lives by neglecting and ignoring safety tips.
Therefore, it is very important to observe safety tips for using construction lifts. Below, we have mentioned very important points to prevent construction lift accidents.
Critical points to prevent construction lift accidents
1- In order to place a construction lift on the roof, its bases must be correctly installed and the foundations must be completely heavy so that there is no risk of the lift falling and being lifted from the roof.
2- Do not use a construction lift to carry people in any way, this is a game with human lives!!! Construction lifts should only be used to transport construction materials and equipment or, if barrels are installed on lifts, to carry loads and equipment in wells.
3- When using a construction lift, be sure to pay attention to its useful load carrying capacity. Conventional construction lifts, also called 350 kg construction lifts, have a useful capacity of 250 kg and can carry 250 kg.
Avoid carrying heavy loads weighing more than 250 kg by this type of lift separately. This will cause severe pressure on the construction lift engine and there is a risk of falling and overturning the construction lift.
Note: In construction lifts of 500 kg and above (750 kg and 1000 kg construction lifts), one of the important recommendations of Nikacorp technical experts is to weld the lift bases on the roof and create an inseparable connection.Unfortunately, this is one of the most accident-prone events when using construction lifts.
4- The allowable height for construction lifts is 20 meters, which is why there is 20 meters of tow wire on this type of lifts by default.If the height of your building is more than 20 meters, there are two main solutions:
A- Use a 500 kg construction lift that has an electric motor with more power, a stronger gearbox and stronger bases and rails, or more powerful lifts.
B- Reduce the amount of weight you want to move with the lift.
Note: If the height of the building is more than 25 meters, you must use a brake electromotor to close the lift.Do not use the brake electromotor at high altitudes will be very dangerous.
5 - Do not carry unconventional and unbalanced loads that upset the balance of the lift, the possibility of the load getting stuck to the body of the building and the risk of falling load or lift, separate.Carrying loads such as beams and long rebars must be done in accordance with the principles of safety, packaging and balance.
6- In unbalanced weather conditions such as storms, strong winds, rain and snow, avoid working with a separate construction lift.
Scaffolding lift is one of the lifts used in the construction industry that has many fans today.Scaffolding lifts usually allow work without placing the base on the ground, but must be connected to a part of the structure with special scaffolding, so it is called a scaffolding lift.
This type of forklift has different weights such as 300 kg, 500 kg, 800 kg, 2 tons and are also suitable for use at different heights.